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A City is defined as a populated urban center of commerce and administration with a system of laws and, usually, regulated means of sanitation (the word derives from the Latin civitas). The first cities sprang up in the region known as Mesopotamia between 4300 and 3100 BCE. The city of Ur was first settled in 4000 BCE and walled cities, for defence, were common... [continue reading]
The act of placing the corpse of a dead person under earth, sometimes in the expectation that the soul of the individual so buried will more easily reach the after-life (supposed to exist underground) and usually marking the grave with a stone or marker bearing the person’s likeness and/or name and, sometimes, an inscription. Burial of the dead... [continue reading]
published on 28 April 2011
A polis (plural: poleis) was the typical structure of a community in the ancient Greek world. A polis consisted of an urban centre, often fortified and with a sacred centre built on a natural acropolis or harbour, which controlled a surrounding territory (chora) of land. The term polis has, therefore, been translated as ‘city-state’ as there... [continue reading]