There were 10,000 royal guards, any dead being replaced straight away explaining their name of Immortals. Only Persian and Median nobles could become Immortals.
They constituted sections of 1000 soldiers, armed with bows, shields, and lances, each section being commanded by officers named Chyliarchs.
According to the historian Pierre Briant who opposed the generally accepted idea derived from the Greek historians' reports that despite their rich and colorful uniforms, these soldiers were neither a parade army nor some guard units, but elite fighters that were engaged in most of the battlefields.
Pavillon Sully at the Louvre museum, Paris, France, July 2008.
Original illustration by dynamosquito. Uploaded by Thamis, published on 26 April 2012 under the following license: Creative Commons: Attribution-ShareAlike. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial reasons, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.
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